Pike-perch (Sander lucioperca, synonym: Stizostedion lucioperca) is a fish from the Percidae family. His slim body is covered with small, very touchy scales that give a touch of touch to a rough look. The extended head ends with a sharp drip. The wide mouth has a very developed denture: 6 strong canines serve to hurt and catch the prey, the other teeth, somewhat weaker and inward directed, are aimed at keeping the caught fish. Brilliant eyes, special retina structures ensure excellent vision even at great depths and lack of light.

Habitat and behavior

Pike-perch is particularly fond of calm and slow water moderate temperatures. However, thanks to its great adaptability, with the exception of lakes and highland rivers, it is capable of settling the most varied types of water.

As for habitats, he primarily likes rocky or pebbly bottom as well as irregular profiles, filled with the most varied obstacles. In addition to large specimens that are most often lonely and slightly moveable, goats live in the jumper of individuals of the same year and of similar size and often move, depending on the annual and meteorological conditions, the moon, the sun, the wind … Smuđ loves more darker and more cloudy weather and colored water rather than bright sun and clear waters, it is mostly active in the dusk and at night.


The smog is propagated between April and May when the water temperature reaches 12 ° C. The sanding takes place in the middle of the roots of trees close to the shore or in the deep pebble zone. The male prepares the nest where the female is laying 150,000 to 200,000 eggs per kilogram of their own weight. After it has been fertilized, the male supervises the eggs found throughout the incubation, which lasts for ten days.

Growth is relatively slow: with 8 to 12 cm of age it is 20 to 30 cm long and 20 cm in the third year. Sexual maturity reaches the second year for males and 3 years for females.

Source: wikipedia.org