Pike (Esox lucius) is a fish from the Esocidae family. It has a spindle body and is a great predator. Its spindle body ends with a characteristic head, broad and flattened, in the form of a beak spit. Her jaw is equipped with about 700 teeth, tapered inwards. The eyes, located at the top of the head, allow for its wide field of vision. The dorsal fin, placed at the top of the back of the body, serves her for a powerful swing when she decides to strike prey!The head pore, located on both lower jaws connected to the side line, allows the knee to feel the slightest vibration from a long distance. The colors of her body are perfect for the perfect camouflage: the back, dark green color that goes black, streaked with lighter strips, the hips are greenish and the stomach is white.

Habitat and behavior

Although we can find it in almost all types of water, from the mouth to the small rivers, the pike still loves calm waters, sluggish liquids rich in water vegetation and full of obstacles, flooded trees, rocks, roots … where it can hide and go unnoticed. She is self-guilty and sharply defends her territory against all intruders, even when her species is.

The puddle does not distance itself too much in search of food. She is a hunter in ambush, capable of standing motionless for hours, her head lower than the rest of her body, barely pinning her abdomen. When in a horizontal position, no aggressive look, it is a sign that the digestion is over. But when her head is up, she’s ready to jump and it’s a sign for the general escape of other fish.


Depending on the region, the pike is multiplied from February to the south, to May in the north. The women choose shallow places, rich in grass where, as soon as the water reaches 10-11 ° C, they lay about 20,000 eggs that are immediately fertilized by males. Eggs sat about ten days later. During the next ten days, the newborn, still without mouth, is clamped in one of the nozzles for the pod. When that period is over, the young man is up and starts swiming and hunting.

Source: wikipedia.org